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DIABETES: Know Your Risk!

Aug 09, 2019

By: Christine Bermudez

Life Style

Diabetes mellitus is the Latin name for diabetes. It is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
Glucose is an important source of energy for the cells that make up the muscles and tissues since it fuels the brain.

There are three (3) main types of diabetes that you should be aware of: type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Diabetes symptoms can be so mild that they're hard to spot at first. The cause of diabetes varies by type. But, no matter what type of diabetes you have, it can lead to excess sugar in the blood. Too much sugar in your blood can lead to serious health problems.

Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores and wounds

Type 1 diabetes
This type occurs when the body fails to produce insulin(a hormone produced by the pancreas). Insulin functions by lowering the blood glucose level. People with type 1 diabetes are insulin-dependent, which means they must take artificial insulin daily to stay alive. It often begins in childhood.

Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 is the more common type of diabetes. The body does not make use of insulin well. While the body still makes insulin, unlike in type I, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did. This is called insulin resistance. Hence, sugar builds up in the blood.

Gestational diabetes
This type occurs in women during pregnancy when the body can become less sensitive to insulin. Being diagnosed with gestational diabetes doesn't mean that you had diabetes before you conceived, or that you will have diabetes after giving birth. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.

Both genes and environmental factors play a role in triggering diabetes. Diabetes can lead to serious medical complications, but you can manage the condition with medications and lifestyle changes.

Know whether youre at risk of diabetes, discuss potential diabetes risks with your WorldCitiMed doctor today! Contact us at +632.438.4580 or message us at to schedule your consultation.

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