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PRE-NATAL TESTS

November 10, 2017

By: Almond M. Duldulao

Pregnancy Topics

Pre-natal care is defined as proper and timely care for pregnant moms. This process begins at the moment of conception or a plan for conception. Pre-natal care determines health status, fetal age, and prepares mom towards a healthy and successful pregnancy from first trimester (14 weeks); second trimester (28 weeks) until the third trimester (29th-42nd weeks). Mom‘s regular pre-natal care involves medical history, pre-natal tests, and ultrasound under the expert guidance of an OB-GYNE.

  • Medical and/or psychosocial problems;
  • Blood pressure, height, and weight;
  • Date of your last menstrual period (an accurate LMP is helpful when determining gestational age and due date);
  • Birth control methods;
  • History of abortions and/or miscarriages;
  • Hospitalizations;
  • Medications and medication allergies being taken;
  • Family‘s medical history.

Pre-Natal Tests

Routine Urinalysis is undertaken to assess bladder or kidney infections, diabetes, dehydration, and preeclampsia by screening for high levels of sugar, proteins, ketones (a common complication of diabetes), and bacteria. This is required during the first prenatal checkup and then periodically as deemed necessary, during pre-natal consults and visits with the OB-GYNE.

Complete Blood Count is a test that evaluates the red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets (PLTs) that circulate in the blood. This is needed to identify and prevent problems like anemia that may pose a threat to the mother and the baby. This test is done at the beginning of pregnancy and a few more time as pregnancy progresses, when indicated.

Gel Method ABO Typing is for the purpose of pre-transfusion compatibility testing in the event of an emergency blood transfusion. The accuracy of this test is crucial during the pre-natal stage to prevent immune mediated hemolytic transfusion reactions that may result to severe disseminated intravascular coagulation or thickening of the blood, renal failure, and death.

HBSAg Screening or Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Screening is a crucial test to check for acute, recent, or chronic hepatitis B infection.

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) test is used to screen for syphilis or sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is done as a screening test during the first pre-natal visit, repeated on the third trimester and finally, at the time of delivery.

OGCT or Oral Glucose Challenge Test screens for gestational diabetes. A sweetened liquid with 50 grams of glucose is given to the patient to drink. After one hour, a blood sample is taken from a vein in the arm that indicates how the body processed the glucose solution, the result will lead your OB-GYNE‘s recommendation on dietary requirements or medical interventions if and when called for.

OGCT or Oral Glucose Challenge Test screens for gestational diabetes. A sweetened liquid with 50 grams of glucose is given to the patient to drink. After one hour, a blood sample is taken from a vein in the arm that indicates how the body processed the glucose solution, the result will lead your OB-GYNE‘s recommendation on dietary requirements or medical interventions if and when called for.

Pap Smear (Histopath) is usually done on the first pre-natal visit. A pap smear is used to screen for cervical cancer or pre-cancerous changes. This test also gives indication of sexually-transmitted disease or the presence of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) the extremely common virus with certain strains that can cause genital warts or cervical cancer.

Pelvic or Transvaginal Ultrasound is a type of ultrasound used by doctors to examine the female reproductive organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina, to confirm an early pregnancy, fetal growth and development, identify abnormalities, identify the source of vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain, and detect cysts or uterine fibroids.

At World Citi Med, we‘re not just here to guide you through your pregnancy; we want your pregnancy to be on the right path to a HAPPY BIRTH DAY. Visit us at 960 Aurora Blvd., Quezon City or call us at 438-4580 loc. 380 to know more about our pre-natal packages.

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